Recruiting for Mariners

Line 1 Line begins with ל which means “To”. פמ – Short for Open to the Public. The letters פמ are encased in the words for Open or Publicly. כל – all ציא or צי – ציא means Came Out. צי means Fleet. The term may be used as a play as the word for […]

The Boy Archer

Red – ילד Boy Yellow – Atm the Mariner Blue – מלאב House of Mela Discussion: Looks like a bad image of a female archer. But the red circle clearly is Boy in Hebrew. And his name is Atam. The blue might mean that he is from the House of Mela. He may be wearing […]

And Abundant Milk

This artifact is very simple depicting a young girl being poured a drink. The side post has the four sacred words followed by a simple message. The transliteration of the vertical post is given below: ו is Hebrew for And. מלא is Hebrew for Full ח is the first letter for the Hebrew word “Milk”. […]

The Elephants are Coming

Translation of Elephant Artifacts beginning with photo 762 and moving to photo 763. Artifact John White Image 762 In the image below, the letter פ is a perfect match to the Phoenician way of writing the letter. The Lamed is inverted. A Phoenician ל can look like our modern latin based L, but here in […]

Mahan’s Essay: Abstract

1) The religious/mythological details of the Burrows’ Cave materials, esp. the burials, are clear give-aways to Old World connections. 2) The graves are of those of sun-kings, la Sumer, Egypt, etc. 3) This American culture persisted as an actual empire and coalition into historic times (DeSoto’s invasion, even 18th c.) w/ the Mississippian (temple mound) […]

Covey’s Preface

Amateur Societies

American Institute for Archaeological Research: 24 Cross Rd., Mt. Vernon NH 03057 Ancient Earthworks Society: P.O. Box 1125, Madison WI 53701 Early Sites Research Society: Long Hill, Rowley MA 01969 Epigraphic Society: 6625 Bamburgh Dr., San Diego CA 92117 Midwestern Epigraphic Society: 6770 N. Piccadilly Pl., Columbus OH 43229 New England Antiquities Research Association: 3 […]

Editors Additional Suggested Reading

A good grounding in conventional historical theory is necessary to properly appreciate and criticize these excellent works, most of which are not widely accepted. UPPER PALEOLITHICHapgood, Charles, Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings [world maps from 8000 BC]Path of the Pole, 1970Marshack, Alexander, The Roots of Civilization [Cro-Magnon lunar notation] THE ARCHAIC (Neolithic and on); […]

Author’s Suggested Reading

A good grounding in conventional historical theory is necessary to properly appreciate and criticize these excellent works, most of which are not widely accepted.Covey, Cyclone., Homeric Troy and the Sea Peoples, 200p. Copple House Books Inc. Lakemont, Georgia. 30552-1987Dexter, Warren W., Ogam Consaine & Tifinag Alphabets: Ancient Uses, Academy Books, 4 Avenue B, Rutland VT […]

End Notes


Photo Appendix

Pre-Columbian Voyages and Settlements, 5500 BC to AD 225

Written by Dr. Barry Fell 5500-5000 BCEarliest of the inferred trans-Atlantic crossings, achieved by the Maritime Archaic Red-Paint Cultures of western Scandinavia and northwestern Europe. The archaeological remains of these people, carbon-dated in Norway to 5500 BC, are very similar to those of the Maritime Archaic Red-Paint people of Labrador and New England, carbon-dated back […]

From Follow the Whale

In the book, Follow the Whale, Ivan Sanderson is making the point, among others, that the Phoenecians taught Mediterranean peoples how to hunt whales and that it was the hunting of whales as far back as 10,000 BC that provided much of the impetus for sea exploration and discovery. (My guess is that this related, […]

Iberic Traders Token from New York

Written by Barry Fell: The inscribed stone tablet reported by Don Eckler is written in the south Iberic alphabet, matching the tables published by Diringer. (The Alphabet, 1968, Vol.2, p. 174), save only that one triangular sign is unfamiliar. The language is, as expected, the Arabic-related Iberic, but in order to produce a recognizable word […]

Observations, by Don Eckler


Written by Joseph B. Mahan By including ethnological context in the scope of my presentation, I am requiring myself to treat with the entire culture of the people under discussion and to understand its nature sufficiently well to define its context, meaning its relationship to other cultures. Specifically, I must deal with the religious aspect […]

Three Essays

Written by Fred Rydholm: Burrows’ Cave demands a new understanding of history, which will evolve slowly, through many years of research. But productive work is already underway, as shown by the following collection of essays. At the 1991 ISAC conference Dr. Mahan read a paper entitled “Historic and Ethnological Context of Burrows’ Cave.” When I […]

#69 – The First Public Disclosure – The Second Phase Begins – 1991

Written by Fred Rydholm: The Burrow’s Cave Executive Committee had several meetings in Madison, Wisconsin. It was a central location between Olney, Illinois and Marquette, Michigan, and was the home of the chairman, Dr. Jim Scherz, but that location imposed great hardship on Virginia Hourigan from New York. At my invitation we decided to have […]

#68 – The Deaths of Jack Ward and Norman Cullen – 1991

Written by Russell Burrows: In June of 1991, Fred Rydholm and I decided to meet in Vincennes and travel together to the ISAC conference in Columbus, Georgia. I had spoken to June, Fred’s wife, about this and she and I agreed that it would be much easier on Fred, especially since he would already have […]

#67 – The 1991 ISAC Conference -1991

Written by Fred Rydholm: On June 13, 14, and 15 of 1991 the Institute for the Study of American Cultures convened in Columbus, Georgia, Dr. Joseph B. Mahan presiding. Former President and Mrs. Jimmy Carter came and ate with the group, and shook hands with everyone in attendance. On Saturday evening, June 15th, he and […]

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